OHLC Volatility Estimators by @Xel_arjona

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The Following indicator/code IS NOT intended to be a formal investment advice or recommendation by the author, nor should be construed as such. Users will be fully responsible by their use regarding their own trading vehicles/assets.

The embedded code and ideas within this work are FREELY AND PUBLICLY available on the Web for NON LUCRATIVE ACTIVITIES and must remain as is by Creative-Commons as TradingView's regulations. Any use, copy or re-use of this code should mention it's origin as it's authorship.


THE INCLUDED FUNCTION MUST BE CONSIDERED AS DEBUGING CODE The models included in the function have been taken from openly sources on the web so they could have some errors as in the calculation scheme and/or in it's programatic scheme. Debugging are welcome.


Here's a full collection of candle based (compressed tick) Volatility Estimators given as a function, openly available for free, it can print IMPLIED VOLATILITY by an external symbol ticker like INDEX:VIX.

Models included in the volatility calculation function:

  • CLOSE TO CLOSE: This is the classic estimator by rule, sometimes referred as HISTORICAL VOLATILITY and is the must common, accepted and widely used out there. Is based on traditional Standard Deviation method derived from the logarithm return of current close from yesterday's.

  • ELASTIC WEIGHTED MOVING AVERAGE: This estimator has been used by RiskMetriks®. It's calculation is based on an ElasticWeightedMovingAverage Standard Deviation method derived from the logarithm return of current close from yesterday's. It can be viewed or named as an EXPONENTIAL HISTORICAL VOLATILITY model.

  • PARKINSON'S: The Parkinson number, or High Low Range Volatility, developed by the physicist, Michael Parkinson, in 1980 aims to estimate the Volatility of returns for a random walk using the high and low in any particular period. IVolatility.com calculates daily Parkinson values. Prices are observed on a fixed time interval. n=10, 20, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180 days.

  • ROGERS-SATCHELL: The Rogers-Satchell function is a volatility estimator that outperforms other estimators when the underlying follows a Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM) with a drift (historical data mean returns different from zero). As a result, it provides a better volatility estimation when the underlying is trending. However, this Rogers-Satchell estimator does not account for jumps in price (Gaps). It assumes no opening jump. The function uses the open, close, high, and low price series in its calculation and it has only one parameter, which is the period to use to estimate the volatility.

  • YANG-ZHANG: Yang and Zhang were the first to derive an historical volatility estimator that has a minimum estimation error, is independent of the drift, and independent of opening gaps. This estimator is maximally 14 times more efficient than the close-to-close estimator.

  • LOGARITHMIC GARMAN-KLASS: The former is a pinescript transcript of the model defined as in iVolatility. The metric used is a combination of the overnight, high/low and open/close range. Such a volatility metric is a more efficient measure of the degree of volatility during a given day. This metric is always positive.
Nota Keluaran:
- Removed "Compound Volatility" as boolean and replaced with algorithm in function. If you do not want aompund at all, you need to specify Compund Periods as 0.
Nota Keluaran:
  • Volatility Function algos fix & clean up. - Weight values (lambda) has been hardcoded at EWMA and LGK models to approach Lookback Window Definition in favor to aproximate 0.94 for 30 days back volatility for EWMA (RiskMetrics) and 0.90 for LGK (iVolatility.com) as defined from original authors.
  • Logarithmic Garman-Klass Algorithm (apparent) Fix. - Now it plots from any symbol without returning zero values. (Experimented Math users please help confirm / Debug this issue).
  • Replaced old "Implied Volatility" mode with an "External Symbol" approach model in order to select any of the Volatility Models defined by the function to calculate Volatility from any External Symbol (Index). As an example: From GDJ calculate Historical/Realized volatility from any model from INDEX:HUI, or just use RAW close values in SPY from INDEX:VIX as an Implied calculated value.
  • As from the Volatility function cleanup, Menus are more cleaner for customization selections.


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